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Earth Science - Missouri/Arkansas: Volcanoes/Glaciers

Missouri's Volcanic Past - St. Francois Mountains

Q. Where is there evidence of volcano calderas in Missouri?  A.  "The St. Francois Mountains is a region of formerly extensive volcanic terrane comprising several calderas, cauldron subsidence structures, ring intrusions, and resurgent cauldrons. Three calderas are recognized: the Taum Sauk, the Butler Hill, and the Hawn Peak [sic]." --  (The term Hawn Peak is used in error, it is actually Hawn Park Caldera.  Verified 3/11/2020, Geologic Survey Program, Missouri Geological Survey.)

The St. Francois Mountains are sometimes referred to as The St. Francois Mountains Volcanic Supergroup.  A supergroup is defined thusly: "A lithostratigraphic unit composed of several associated groups or of associated formations and groups with significant lithologic features in common." -- Jackson, J.A. and Bates, R.L. (1997) Glossary of Geology. 4th Edition, American Geological Institute, Alexandria, 769 p.

Missouri's Icy Past - Glaciers

Special Topic - Hughes Mountain, Devil's Honeycomb

Hughes Mountain, Devil's Honeycomb.  Image by By Cliff White, Art Director - Missouri Department of Conservation, Attribution,

Hughes Mountain, Devil's Honeycomb