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NRS 3317 - Medical Surgical II – Complex Adult and Elderly Care

What is Evidence-Based Practice or EBP?

Three components of evidence-based practice.

Miranda A, Miah SJ (2019). Design and evaluation of a contextual model for information retrieval from web-scale discovery services to improve evidence-based
practice by health care practitioners: Mixed methods study. J Med Internet Res 2019;21(8):e12621. doi:10.2196/12621


Evidence-Based Practice is "the conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care the individual patient. It means integrating individual clinical expertise with the best available external clinical evidence from systematic research."

Sackett DL, Rosenberg WM, Gray JA, Haynes RB, Richardson WS. Evidence based medicine: what it is and what it isn't. BMJ. 1996;312(7023):71-72.

There are five steps in the Evidence-Based Practice process: 

1. Ask a Question

2. Search for Answers to your Research Question

3. Critically Appraise the Research

4. Apply your Findings to the situation

5. Assess the process

Recommended Resources: What is EBP?

American Nurses Association. Research Toolkit.  Introduction to research and evidence-based practice.  Provides access to numerous resources to translate evidence into practice and to support nurse researchers. 

Melnyk BM, Fineout-Overholt E, et al. (2010) Evidence-based practice: Step by step. The seven steps of evidence-based practice: following this progressive, sequential approach will lead to improved health care and patient outcomesAmerican Journal of Nursing, 110(1).

University of Washington Libraries. Evidence Based Practice. This guide gathers together information on Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) information resources.