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Please note, some links are reused in multiple places throughout this guide. This was done deliberately for discoverability, as the links can pertain equally well to several different aspects of research ethics.
Definitions ; Highly Recommended Resources ; Tools ; In the News
"Known as the three “cardinal sins” of research conduct, falsification, fabrication, and plagiarism (FFP) are the primary concerns in avoiding research misconduct. " -- Author, Erich W. Schienke, Ph.D., Penn State College of Earth and Mineral Sciences
"Retraction Watch is a blog that reports on retractions of scientific papers. The blog was launched in August 2010 and is produced by science writers Ivan Oransky (Vice President and Global Editorial Director of MedPage Today and Adam Marcus (editor of Gastroenterology & Endoscopy News)." -- Wikipedia as viewed on 4/7/2017
According to the organization website, "COPE is committed to educate and support editors, publishers and those involved in publication ethics with the aim of moving the culture of publishing towards one where ethical practices becomes a normal part of the publishing culture."
"Zotero can now help you avoid relying on retracted publications in your research by automatically checking your database and documents for works that have been retracted." Zotero provides this service in partnership with Retraction Watch.
"HelioBLAST is a free service provided by HelioText. The HelioBLAST text similarity engine finds text records that are similar to the submitted query...Here, your query is searched against the citations (abstract and titles) in Medline/PubMed." -- https://helioblast.heliotext.com/
A commercial subscription product. There is a limited free level at the time of this writing (2/2021) "Launched in November, Scite Reference Check scans new article PDFs for references to retracted papers, and posts both the citing and retracted papers on Twitter. It also flags when new studies cite older ones that have issued corrections, errata, withdrawals, or expressions of concern. An extension of scite.ai, a platform that monitors whether research findings are supported or contradicted by subsequent studies, Scite Reference Check keeps track of retracted papers by trawling through Crossref, PubMed, and the Retraction Watch Database."
"Think. Check. Submit. helps researchers identify trusted journals and publishers for their research. Through a range of tools and practical resources, this international, cross-sector initiative aims to educate researchers, promote integrity, and build trust in credible research and publications."--website
Contributors: David Thomas Mellor Karen Chambers Andy Collings Chris Graf Veronique Kiermer Malcolm Macleod Sowmya Swaminathan Deborah Sweet valda vinson Date created: 2019-04-30 04:07 PM 2019-04-30 21:07 UTC -- "Description: This project contains the MDAR framework (Materials Design Analysis Reporting), a checklist for authors to use, and an elaboration document with background and instructions. The project components contain data from author and editor surveys and coder data from the evaluated checklists. License: CC-By Attribution 4.0 International"
See also the: "Selected Cases of Error" subpages under the "Research Ethics/Publishing Practices" page
"After all, the electronic versions of about a third of retracted papers aren’t marked as retracted. Sometimes, like Napoleon, those papers return from exile to wreak havoc: They get cited as if they had never been retracted." Retraction Watch, Adam Marcus 12/13/2012
"Famous cases of research fraud typically involve fabricated or falsified data, but the most common form of laboratory misconduct today involves scientists publishing microscopic images that don’t match original data — so-called image manipulation. The practice likely accounts for more than 70% of cases handled by the United States Office of Research Integrity (ORI), according to Susan Garfinkel, director of the office’s Division of Investigative Oversight." -- Shuchman M. (2016). False images top form of scientific misconduct. CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association journal = journal de l'Association medicale canadienne, 188(9), 645. https://doi.org/10.1503/cmaj.109-5241
ScienceMag.org, By Cathleen O’Grady, 3/16/2021
The name Camille Noûs "intentionally added to papers, sometimes without the knowledge of journal editors—is meant to personify collective efforts in science and to protest individualism, according to RogueESR, a French research advocacy group that dreamed up the character." -- doi:10.1126/science.abi5504
Sciencemag.org post by Hristio Boytchev, 4/8/2021
Hans-Ulrich Wittchen has "almost 1000 articles to his name, according to the Web of Science, and has racked up nearly 70,000 citations." -- doi:10.1126/science.abi8979